Oporto is the second city and the fourth most populous municipality in Portugal, located in the north-west of the country and capital of the Northern region of Portugal. The municipality, with 41.42 km ² of area, has a population of 237 591 inhabitants (2011) within its administrative limits, being subdivided into seven parishes.
It is the city that gave the name to Portugal – from very early (c. 200 BC), when it was called Portus Cale, later to become the capital of the Portucalense County, from where Portugal was formed. It is also a city known worldwide for its wine, its bridges and contemporary and ancient architecture, its historic center, classified as a World Heritage by UNESCO, the quality of its restaurants and its gastronomy, its main football team, Football Clube do Porto, for its main public university: the University of Porto, ranked among the 200 best universities in the world and among the 100 best universities in Europe, as well as the quality of its hospitals.
The city is the most important of the highly industrialized coastal zone of the North Region, where most of the country’s most important economic groups are located, such as Altri, Amorim / Corticeira Amorim Group, Banco BPI, BIAL, EFACEC, Frulact, Lactogal, Millennium BCP, Porto Editora, Sonae, Unicer or the RAR Group. The North Region is the only Portuguese region that exports more than it imports.
In winter temperatures range between 5 ° C and 14 ° C rarely falling below 0 ° C. During this season, rainy periods alternate with colder days and clear skies. In the summer temperatures range from 15 ° C to 25 ° C and may occasionally reach or even exceed 35 ° C in July or August. Summer temperatures above 30 ° C are rare due to the proximity of the Atlantic Ocean. The low thermal amplitude is due to the proximity of the ocean and the presence of the warm current of the Gulf.
As tourist attractions, the Tower of Clerics, by Nicolau Nasoni, and the Serralves Foundation, a museum of contemporary art, stand out. The Historic Center is a World Heritage Site, classified by UNESCO. Foz is another highly tourist area, considered by many to be the most beautiful area of the city, where you can enjoy the beauty of the Atlantic Ocean combined with a beautiful and romantic seafront promenade.
Porto was the European capital of culture in 2001 and hosted several games of the 2004 European Football Championship, namely the opening match. Still, in evidence, there is the Bolhão Market, an architectural symbol of traditional commerce, where are the famous sellers of the Market, characteristics of the city.
The UNESCO-listed historic complex is one of the most visited tourist spots in the city of Porto, where you can find various points of commerce, squares and historical buildings that are in the origin of the city, such as the Cathedral.
It is also widely visited in the city, especially by Portuguese and German pilgrims, the Convent of the Good Shepherd, located in Paranhos, because the Countess Droste zu Vischering, Sister Maria of the Divine Heart, lived and died with fame of holiness. known worldwide for having influenced Pope Leo XIII to make the consecration of Human Gender to the Sacred Heart of Jesus.
In 2012 and 2014, the city of Porto was voted “Best European Destination”, a distinction awarded annually by “European Consumers Choice”. In 2013, it was voted the “Best Holiday Destination in Europe” by Lonely Planet. Also in 2014, Business Destinations magazine, which annually organizes the Business Destinations Travel Awards, considered that the Customs of Porto is the best space for “meetings and conferences” in Europe, electing this congress center for its quality and insertion urban, and that same year, the European edition of the Wall Street Journal devoted two pages to the city of Porto, which suggested how the city “fascinating and charming … perfect for a long weekend.” In the year 2015, the city of Porto is again chosen as one of the main tourist destinations in Europe, being part of a list of 10 tourist poles made by the British newspaper The Guardian. In February 2017, Porto was again elected by the “European Consumers Choice”, “Best European Destination” of the year. It is the third time that the city is distinguished with this award and the unique one to obtain this done by three times.